Shipping Done Right: FOB Shipping Point vs FOB Destination

fob shipping point means

The amount of freight charges is due once the cargo arrives at its destination. So once the goods are in the buyer’s what does fob shipping point mean hands by the ocean freight company against a valid Bill of Lading once the freight charges are fully paid.

International shipments typically use “FOB” as defined by the Incoterms standards, where it always stands for “Free On Board”. Domestic shipments within the United States or Canada often use a different meaning, specific to North America, which is inconsistent with the Incoterms standards. If the same seller issued a price quote of “$5000 FOB Miami”, then the seller would cover shipping to the buyer’s location.


When calculating the overall cost of goods, freight charges can become quite substantial. The rates for these freight charges will fluctuate depending on the transportation mode used for transit, the cargo’s volume, as well as the type of goods being shipped. In this case, the seller legally owns the products and is responsible until it gets delivered to the buyer’s address.

FOB Shipping Point vs. FOB Destination: What’s the Difference? – Investopedia

FOB Shipping Point vs. FOB Destination: What’s the Difference?.

Posted: Fri, 26 Aug 2022 07:00:00 GMT [source]

That distinction is important as it specifies who is liable for goods that have been lost or damaged during shipping. However, even with the standardization, international trade is still a complicated process, especially when you consider that trade laws are often very different from country to country. To that end, many companies establish contracts between their organization and their customers, which can help streamline the process of shipping goods internationally. The accounting treatment of the FOB shipping point is important since adding costs to inventory means the buyer doesn’t immediately recognize an expense. This delay in recognizing the expense and changes in the buyer’s inventory affects the net income. Under delivered duty paid , the seller is responsible for the cost of transporting goods until customs clears them for import at the destination. Cost, insurance, and freight is a method of exporting goods where the seller pays expenses until the product is completely loaded on a ship.


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  • Conversely, when you are selling to an overseas buyer, it is in your best interest for the buyer to become responsible as soon as it leaves your loading dock.
  • Globalization has made it cheaper to acquire goods and products from all over the world.
  • The term is used to designate ownership between the buyer and seller as goods are transported.
  • Cost, Insurance, Freight puts the liability of payment for – you guessed it – cost, insurance, and freight on the supplier.
  • Different countries have different rules and regulations, which makes international trade very complicated.
  • If a shipper sends out freight, but that freight never arrives at the customer, the shipper is responsible for either replacing or reimbursing the cost of the goods.
  • (The buyer will record freight-in and the seller will not have any delivery expense.) With terms of FOB shipping point the title to the goods usually passes to the buyer at the shipping point.

We want to clearly present to you the difference between FOB destination and FOB shipping point. Here are some examples about how it works and how it impacts the seller and the buyer. You need to understand why LTL carriers bill for accessorial fees. Read on to discover a list of potential charges and how you can avoid or minimize them. Are you experiencing unexplained losses in your logistics company? Read on to learn about 6 insights that may help you get back on track.

Freight on Board Destination

Evaluate how the company has treated its intercompany transactions and whether or not you agree with this treatment. Explain what we mean by the terms relevance and reliability, as the terms relate to audit evidence. Describe the potential stock price implications of the restatement of financial statements. Define the term “contingent liability” and discuss the criteria used to classify these events or conditions. State and briefly explain three conditions which have to be satisfied before the use of the weighted average cost of capital can be justified. Describe the difference in the timing of trade execution and the certainty of trade price between market orders and limit orders.

  • Incoterms apply to both international trade and domestic trade, as of the 2010 revision.
  • Therefore, international trade will almost definitely have an impact on the FOB process.
  • Explain its effects on business transactions conducted in a foreign currency.
  • FOB destination cost – Seller is responsible for all fees and transport costs right up to the point that the goods reach the actual destination.
  • The FOB destination is often used in international sales contracts but can also be used to be more specific about when or where the seller must deliver.
  • Working with a 3rd party logistics provider like ShipCalm allows businesses to simplify the process of understanding incoterms.
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